Russian Journal of Biotechnology Articles archive Archive 2015 N 2 Development of a Multiplex PCR for Simultaneous Identification of Genetically Altered Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae Strains and their Differentiation by Epidemic Potential

Development of a Multiplex PCR for Simultaneous Identification of Genetically Altered Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae Strains and their Differentiation by Epidemic Potential

Автор: N.A. Plekhanov, S.P. Zadnova, D.A. Agafonov, and N.I. Smirnova

Страница: 82-90

 

Development of a Multiplex PCR for Simultaneous Identification of Genetically Altered Toxigenic Vibrio cholerae Strains and their Differentiation by Epidemic Potential

Biotekhnologiya, 2015, N 2, P. 82-90

UDC 616.932:579.25

Section:  “Metrology, Standartization, and Control”

 

N.A. Plekhanov *,  S.P. Zadnova,  D.A. Agafonov,  and  N.I. Smirnova

The Russian Research Antiplague Institute Microbe,  410005, Saratov Russia

e-mail:  rusrapi@microbe.ru

 

A method for detecting toxigenic genetically altered strains of Vibrio cholerae O1 serogroup eltor biotype and their differentiation into strains with high and low epidemic potential has been developed. To this purpose, the structure of the Vibrio Pandemic Island-II (VSP-II) was determined by multiplex PCR in two reaction mixtures. The toxigenic strains of V. cholerae O1 genovariants eltor biotype with intact VSP-II and low epidemic potential are characterized by gene amplicons rfbO1, rstC, ctxA, ctxBClass, vc0502, and vc0514. The toxigenic V. cholerae O1 genovariants eltor biotype with high epidemic potential and long deletion in VSP-II have amplified gene fragments rfbO1, rstC, ctxA, ctxBClass, and vc0514. The high specificity of this method was confirmed by testing of closely related species of Vibrio genus and Enterobacteriaceae. The developed multiplex PCR was used in the investigation of 52 collectible V. cholerae strains, 8 of which were found to be toxigenic genetically altered strains of V. cholerae O1 serogroup biotype with high epidemic potential that were imported to the Russian Federation in 2004—2012. The designed multiplex PCR can be used in the epidemiological investigations and complete characterization of V. cholerae imported strains and certification of Vibrio cholerae strains, which are deposited in the State Collection of Pathogenic Bacteria of the Russian Research Anti-Plague Institute Microbe.

 

Key words:  epidemic potential,  genetically altered strains,  multiplex PCR,  Vibrio cholerae.

 

25.06.2015, 1180 просмотров.

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