Genetika Articles Is it possible to produce succinic acid at a low pH?

Is it possible to produce succinic acid at a low pH?

Is it possible to produce succinic acid at a low pH?

Tigran V Yuzbashev, Evgeniya Y Yuzbasheva, Ivan A Laptev, Tatiana I Sobolevskaya, Tatiana V Vybornaya, Anna S Larina, Ilia T Gvilava, Svetlana V Antonova, Sergey P Sineoky

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ABSTRACT: Bio-based succinate is still a matter of special emphasis in biotechnology and adjacent research areas. The vast majority of natural and engineered producers are bacterial strains that accumulate succinate under anaerobic conditions. Recently, we succeeded in obtaining an aerobic yeast strain capable of producing succinic acid at low pH. Herein, we discuss some difficulties and advantages of microbial pathways producing "succinic acid" rather than "succinate." It was concluded that the peculiar properties of the constructed yeast strain could be clarified in view of a distorted energy balance. There is evidence that in an acidic environment, the majority of the cellular energy available as ATP will be spent for proton and anion efflux. The decreased ATP:ADP ratio could essentially reduce the growth rate or even completely inhibit growth. In the same way, the preference of this elaborated strain for certain carbon sources could be explained in terms of energy balance. Nevertheless, the opportunity to exclude alkali and mineral acid waste from microbial succinate production seems environmentally friendly and cost-effective.

21.03.2011, 1411 просмотров.