Genetika Articles Methylation of the Promoter Region of the RASSF1A Candidate Tumor Suppressor Gene in Primary Epithelial Tumors

Methylation of the Promoter Region of the RASSF1A Candidate Tumor Suppressor Gene in Primary Epithelial Tumors

Methylation of the Promoter Region of the RASSF1A Candidate Tumor Suppressor Gene in Primary Epithelial Tumors

 

V. I. Loginov, A. V. Malyukova, Y. A. Seryogin, D. S. Hodyrev, T. P. Kazubskaya, V. D. Ermilova, R. F. Garkavtseva, L. L. Kisselev, E. R. Zabarovsky, E. A. Braga

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State Research Center GosNIIgenetika; Russian Academy of Medical Sciences; Russian Academy of Sciences; Karolinska Institute

Molecular Biology (impact factor: 0.66). 06/2004; 38(4):549-560. DOI:10.1023/B:MBIL.0000037007.71787.b9

ABSTRACT The methylation of the promoter CpG island of the RASSF1A tumor suppressor gene in primary tumors of 172 Muscovites with renal cell carcinoma (RCC), breast cancer (BC), or ovarian epithelial tumors (OET) was assayed by means of methylation-specific PCR (MSP) and PCR-based methylation-sensitive restriction enzyme analysis (MSRA). The MSP, MSRA, and previous bisulfite sequencing data correlated significantly with each other (P 10–6 for Spearman's rank correlation coefficients). By MSP and MSRA, the respective methylation frequencies of the RASSF1A promoter were 86% (25/29) and 94% (50/53) in RCC, 64% (18/28) and 78% (32/41) in BC, and 59% (17/29) and 73% (33/45) in OET. Methylation-sensitive restriction enzymes (HpaII, HhaI, Bsh1236I, AciI) increased the analysis sensitivity and made it possible to establish the methylation status for 18 CpG dinucleotides of the RASSF1A promoter region. With the MSRA data, the density of methylation of the CpG island was estimated at 72% in RCC, 63% in BC, and 58% in OET (the product of the number of CpG dinucleotides and the number of specimens with RASSF1A methylation was taken as 100%). Methylation of the RASSF1A promoter region was observed in 11–35% of the DNA specimens from the histologically normal tissue adjacent to the tumor but not in the peripheral blood DNA of 15 healthy subjects. The RASSF1A methylation frequency showed no significant correlation with the stage, grade, and metastatic potential of the tumor. On the other hand, epigenetic modification of RASSF1A was considerably more frequent than hemizygous or homozygous deletions from the RASSF1A region. These results testify that methylation of the RASSF1A promoter region takes place early in carcinogenesis and is a major mechanism inactivating RASSF1A in epithelial tumors.

21.03.2013, 1520 просмотров.